Sunday, 5 July 2015

The most difficult words to pronounce in the English language

Thistle with a knapweed photobomb.

The most difficult words to pronounce in the English language revealed
– as well as the world’s favourite English tongue-twisters.

(M'reen: I can pronounce these words easily but I find them impossible to look up in the dictionary!)

A hugely popular Reddit thread reveals the words non-native 
(and sometimes even native) English-speakers struggle to say
 “Worcestershire”. “Choir”. “Sixth”.
For some, these words may seem relatively normal and everyday
– but to others, they represent an unrivalled linguistic challenge.
For almost two weeks, users of the online social platform reddit
have been submitting what they consider to be “the hardest English word to pronounce”.
After more than 5,000 submissions, the message thread has become a fount of difficult vocabulary, with users from across the world sharing their favourites and personal experiences.
There are references to popular culture, some very creative tongue-twisters –
and because of reddit’s points system, a rough consensus has emerged as to which are the hardest.

Here are the top 10:

10 - Rural
Submitted by user ‘mattythedog’, rural appears to cause problem
particularly when repeated or put next a word with similar “r” sounds.
One user says: “I cannot say Rural Juror - comes out rurrrerr jerrrerr and sounds like I'm growling.”
A self-confessed Australian user says: “An aussie would pronounce it 'ruhral jurah.”
“This one is entirely impossible for me as a German,” says another.
“'Squirrel' I can manage, but 'rural' can f*** right off.”
Best tongue-twister: “I want to be a juror on a rural brewery robbery case.”

9 - Otorhinolaryngologist
One user, going for a word largely on the basis of its length,
suggests this medical term for an ear-, nose- and throat-doctor.
But, as another points out, “that one looks like a beast, but once you break it down,
it's pretty easy to say”.
User THLycanthrope says: “Once you know what it is, it's much easier.
“oto-rhino-laryng-ologist” is literally “ear-nose-throat-scientist”.

8 - Colonel
Submitted by a user who explains:
“If you know that it's pronounced "kernel", it's easy to pronounce.
But if you were new to the English language and didn't know that,
you would never pronounce it correctly.”
Another offers the “fun fact” that:
“We took the French spelling (spelled and pronounced with r)
and the Italian pronunciation (also spelled with an l).”

7 – Penguin
An overt reference to Benedict Cumberbatch,
one user offered this popular submission presumably as an excuse to re-watch this video
of the actor voicing a BBC documentary on the South Pacific.
Other users, presumably sticking up for penguin-kind,
then try to pronounce Cumberbatch’s name: “Barelyspeaks Cantpronounce”,
“Bumpercar Clutchisburnt” and “Buffalo Custardbath” are among the offerings.

6 – Sixth
Coincidentally sixth in our list, this word is rather explicitly criticised as:
“What kind of word is that with an S and xth sound? F*** that noise.”
Best tongue-twister: “The sixth sick sheik's sixth sheep's sick.”
One user responds: “English is my only language but f*** you this is impossible.”
Another says: “Imagine what ‘eighth’ is like to a non-English speaker.
Not one letter is pronounced the way it should be.”

5 - Isthmus
Submitted presumably due to the difficulty of the “s” and “th” sounds together,
it means a narrow strip of land with sea on either side that connects two larger landmasses.
“Ithmuth,” is one reddit user’s attempt.

4 – Anemone
Entered for consideration by one user who couldn’t even spell it,
writing: “Annemm... amennome... annemmoneme... f***.”
Best tongue-twister: “In me, many an enemy anemone enema.”
Helpful advice provided by one user suggested:
“I'd break it down like ‘Uh - Nem - Uh – Knee’.”

3 - Squirrel
One user says that: “From a foreign perspective,
‘Squirrel’ messes with German exchange students like you wouldn't believe.
To be fair though I can't pronounce their word for it either.”
User ‘Torvaun’ provides the interesting (unverified) fact that during the Second World War,
both sides apparently used each-other’s word for this small rodent as a test for spies.
“Interestingly,” Torvaun says,
“in WWII ‘squirrel’ was used as a shibboleth by the English to detect Germans,
and ‘Eichhörnchen’, the German word for squirrel,
was used as a shibboleth to detect non-Germans.”

2 – Choir
User Kaktu submits: “As a foreign speaker: Choir. Seriously. Why?
Someone suggests helpfully that “it's like 'enquire' but without the 'en'”.
And bright spark ‘Gnat27’ says, to much popular acclaim:
“I read that as ‘Enrique’ and was confused for a solid 5 minutes.”

1 – Worcestershire
The top submission, as one user puts it, “To the USA, anyway”.
“I've heard a few funny pronunciations,” says user ‘hornytoad69’.
“Wor-kester-shire. Whats-dis-here. Wooster-shire”
One user suggests: “It's that ‘-cest-’ in the middle that messes people up.
If you break it up like worce-ster-shire, the pronunciation makes sense.”
Others suggest similar British place names that aren’t pronounced as they are written,
developing a theme, with “Leicester/Leicestershire”, “Edinburgh” and “Derby” all getting a mention.

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