Monday, 14 September 2015

Lesson Plan Format

Careful navigation at Felixstowe one of our major UK ferry ports.

Lesson Plan Format
Kenneth Beare
English as 2nd Language Expert

Reading Tips
Reading in English is a great way to improve your English.
Here are some specific suggestions for ways to use your reading to work on specific English skills.
A number of suggestions have links to lesson plans which you can use on your own,
or in class if you are a teacher.
Each lesson plan provides objectives, the lesson plan step-by-step and materials to use in class.
To get the most out of reading, it's important to know the difference between
different types of reading which include: scanning, skimming, intensive and extensive reading.

The Lesson Plan
Teaching English, like teaching any subject, requires lesson plans. 
Many books and curricula provide advice on teaching English learning materials presented.
However, most ESL teachers like to mix up their lesson plans by including their own lesson plans. Sometimes, teachers are required to create their own lesson plans when teaching ESL or EFL
at international institutions that are scattered throughout the world.
In order to help teachers starting out, I've created a simple template to ESL lesson plans
which can you can start with as you begin to write your own ESL lesson plans for your classes.
There are many different approaches to teaching English.
However, most of these plans tend to follow this standard lesson plan format.

Warm-up - Use a warm up to get the brain thinking in the right direction.
Presentation - The presentation focus on the learning objectives for the lesson.
Controlled practice - Controlled practice allows for close observation
that the learning objectives are understood.
Free practice - Free practice allows students to "take control" of their own language learning.
Feedback - During the free practice section, take note of common mistakes.
Use feedback to help everyone, rather than focus on individual students. 
This lesson plan format is popular for many reasons including:
Students have a number of chances to learn a concept through various means
Students have plenty of time to practice
Teachers can give detailed instruction,
or students can deduce structures and learning points through practice
The standard lesson plan format provides structure
It provides for variation over the course of 60 - 90 minutes
This lesson plan format moves from teacher centered to student centered learning

Variations on the Lesson Plan Format 

In order to keep this standard lesson plan format from becoming boring,
it is important to remember that there are a number of variations that can be applied
within the various segments of the lesson plan format.

Students might arrive late, tired, stressed or otherwise distracted to class.
In order to get their attention, it's best to open with a warm-up activity.
The warm-up can be as simple as telling a short story or asking students questions.
The warm-up can also be a more thought-out activity such as playing a song in the background,
or drawing an elaborate picture on the board. While it's fine to start a lesson with a simple
"How are you", it's much better to tie your warm-up into the theme of the lesson.

The presentation can take a variety of forms:
Reading selection
Soliciting students' knowledge about a specific point
Teacher centered explanation
Listening selection
Short video
Student presentation
The presentation should include the main "meat" of the lesson.
For example: If you are working on phrasal verbs, make the presentation
by providing a short reading extract peppered with phrasal verbs.

Controlled practice
The controlled practice section of the lesson provides students direct feedback
on their comprehension of the task at hand. Generally, controlled practice involves
some type of exercise. Remember that an exercise doesn't necessarily mean dry, rote exercises, although these can be used as well. Controlled practice should help the student focus
on the main task and provide them with feedback - either by the teacher or other students.

Free practice
Free practice integrates the focus structure / vocabulary / functional language
into students' overall language use. Free practice exercises often encourage students
to use the target language structures in: 
Small group discussions
Written work (paragraphs and essays)
Longer listening comprehension practice
The most important aspect of free practice is that students should be encouraged
to integrate language learned into larger structures. This requires more of a "stand-off" approach
to teaching. It's often useful to circulate around the room and take notes on common mistakes.
In other words, students should be allowed to make more mistakes during this part of the lesson.

Feedback allows students to check their understanding of the lesson's topic.
Feedback can be done quickly at the end of class by asking students questions
about the target structures. Another approach is to have students discuss the target structures
in small groups, once again giving students the chance to improve their understanding on their own.

Lesson Plan Format: A Final Word
In general, I think it is important to use this lesson plan format to facilitate
students' English learning on their own. The more opportunity for student centered learning,
the more students acquire language skills for themselves.

You can TCR specialist and language dictionaries that are spontaneously accessed.
I can Turbo Charge Read a novel 6-7 times faster and remember what I’ve read.
I can TCR an instructional/academic book around 20 times faster and remember what I’ve read.
Introduction to Turbo Charged Reading YouTube
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To quote the Dr Seuss himself, “The more that you read, the more things you will know.
The more that you learn; the more places you'll go.”   

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