Tuesday, 29 September 2015

What to Know About Reading

What to Know About Reading
Janelle Cox
Elementary Education Expert

As teachers, we know that it is essential that our students not only learn to read
but that they enjoy it as well. Here you will get the facts of this important literacy development
and why so many students struggle.

A Great Number of Children Struggle with Reading
According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) thirty-three percent
of American fourth graders read below the basic reading level (NCES, 2009).
Some students struggle because they have received inadequate reading instruction,
while others struggle because of risk factors as a child, or a developmental disability.
Whatever the case may be, children are struggling and as teachers we need to closely monitor
these children and intervene to prevent any further reading difficulties.

Learning to Read is No is Easy Feat
Reading is hard and complex and is a skill that has to be developed over a period of time.
You must be able to identify words, put them together and make meaning from print.
Think about all of the components that go into reading: print awareness, sounds of speech, 
phonemic awareness, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension, spelling, writing, and the list goes on.

Families Play a Very Important Role in Students’ Reading Success
Research shows that children who are read to by a family member are more likely to
identify the letters from the alphabet, compared to those who are read to less frequently.
It's unfortunate for those students who do not get the luxury of being read to as a child.
This proves that it is essential to push for parental involvement
and teachers can do this by discussing the benefits of reading with parents.

Educators Should Teach Reading with a Goal in Mind
The best educators teach reading with an end goal in mind.
They understand that in order for young children to read they need to include phonics, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension into their everyday activities.

Preschool Matters
What students learn before they enter school will help predict how easily they will learn
while in school. General knowledge and understanding of print, being to recognize letters
and/or words, is all important. Here is a kindergarten readiness checklist.

Reading is Tied to When Students Talk
Did you know that reading is tied to when a child learns to talk and listen?
According to Reading rockets.org they say when a child is talked to as child from a family member
or caregiver they are building their vocabulary and communication skills all of which helps them develop their words. When children are read to, sang to, and talked to they are developing 
phonemic awareness which helps them become a better reader when they are older.

Struggling Readers Can Succeed
According to research (Lyon,1997) prevention and early intervention can increase reading skills
to average reading levels. So, struggling readers can succeed with the help of a reading program
and / or a highly trained teacher. However, studies show that in order for struggling students
to increase their reading skills, instruction needs to combine the following: phoneme awareness, phonics, spelling, reading fluency, and reading comprehension strategies.

Teaching students to read takes a village.
Families, teachers, caregivers, the community...they all play an essential role in teaching children how to read. We all need to work together as a team to ensure that all students can learn to read.


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Advanced Reading Skills Perhaps you’d like to join my FaceBook group ?

Perhaps you’d like to check out my sister blogs:
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www.happyartaccidents.blogspot.com       just for fun.

To quote the Dr Seuss himself, “The more that you read, the more things you will know.
The more that you learn; the more places you'll go.”

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